CTP Publications

Scientific articles


Factors affecting adherence to psychotropics in trauma-affected refugees: data from a randomized controlled trial

Sandahl H, Lindberg LG, Mortensen EL, Carlsson J. Journal of Psychiatric Research. Available online 23 November 2023. ​

Tvangskontrol og effekten på det psykiske helbred hos kvindelige ofre

Frand-Madsen EF, Carlsson J. Ugeskrift for Læger. 30. oktober 2023.

Help-seeking patterns and level of care for individuals with bipolar disorder in Rwanda​

Arnbjerg CJ, Musoni-Rwililiza E, Rurangwa NU, Bendtsen MG, Murekatete C, Gishoma D, Carlsson J, Kallestrup P. PLOS Global Public Health. Published: 10 October 2023. ​

Exploring expectations of neurofeedback treatment among trauma-affected refugees

Hannemose SZ, Attardo HL, Vindbjerg E, Carlsson J. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. Published online: 27 Sep 2023.​

The structure of ICD-11 post traumatic stress disorder in a clinical sample of refugees based on the International Trauma Interview

Vindbjerg E, Sandahl H, Mortensen EL, Roberts NP, Carlsson J.  Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia. First published: 19 July 2023.​

A balancing act: how interpreters affect the therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy with trauma-affected refugees—a qualitative study with therapists

Hanft-Robert S, Lindberg LG, Mösko M,  Carlsson J. Frontiers in Psychology. Published online 16 May 2023.

Refugees versus persons family reunified to a refugee: A comparison of sociodemographic factors, trauma history, baseline psychopathology and treatment effectiveness

Lange AB, Mortensen EL, Palic S, Sonne CK, Carlsson J.  Journal of Affective Disorders Reports. Available online 28 April 2023.​

Sleep impairments in refugees diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder: a polysomnographic and self-report study​

Ansbjerg MB,  Sandahl H, Baandrup L, Jennum P, Carlsson J.  European Journal of Psychotraumatology. Published online: 27 March 2023.​

Headache comorbidity in refugees and migrants with post-traumatic stress disorder

Westergaard ML, Jensen RH, Carlsson J. Cephalalgia. First published online February 14, 2023.​​​

Potential advantages of combining randomized controlled trials with qualitative research in mood and anxiety disorders - A systematic review

Sørensen CA, Sonne C, Sacha M, Kristiansen M, Hannemose SZ, Stein DJ, Carlsson J. Journal of Affective Disorders. Available online 13 January 2023.

The Impact of Religion and Spirituality on Suicide Risk in Veterans and Refugees With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder​

Brandt MK, Sandahl H, Carlsson J.  The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 211(1):p 65-73, January 2023.  ​


Psychotherapy readiness domains as predictors of psychotherapy outcome in trauma-affected refugees

Bernardsdóttir B, Sandahl H, Carlsson J, Mortensen EL, Palic S.  Journal of Affective Disorders.  Available online 29 December 2022. 

Group psychoeducation for persons with bipolar disorder in Rwanda: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

E. Musoni-Rwililiza, C. J. Arnbjerg, C. Murekatete, J. Carlsson, P. Kallestrup & D. Gishoma. Trials. Published: 02 December 2022​.

The effect of an integrated care intervention of multidisciplinary mental health treatment and employment services for trauma-affected refugees: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial​

Bruhn M, Laugesen H, Kromann-Larsen M, Trevino CS, Eplov L, Hjorthøj C, Carlsson J. Trials. Published online: 08 October 2022.

Psychosocial treatment outcomes of common mental disorders vary widely in persons in low- and middle-​income countries affected by humanitarian crises and refugees in high-income countries

Tay AK, Carlsson J. BJPsych Open. Available online:  01 June 2022.​

Intervention trials for adults with bipolar disorder in low-income and lower-middle-income countries: A systematic review​

Arnbjerg CJ, Rurangwa NU, Musoni-Rwililiza E, Gishoma D, Carlsson J, Kallestrup P. Journal of Affective Disorders. Available online 20 May 2022.​

Traumer og psykiske lidelser hos nyankomne flygtninge​

Lohmann JC, Sonne C.  Ugeskr Læger 2022;184:V205115.

Trauma-affected refugees and their non-exposed children: A review of risk and protective factors for trauma transmission​

Kelstup L, Carlsson J. Psychiatry Research. Available online 4 May 2022.​

Chronicity of posttraumatic stress disorder and comorbid pain as predictors of treatment response for trauma-affected refugees​

Nordbrandt MS, Vindbjerg E, Mortensen EL, Carlsson J. Journal of Traumatic Stress. First published: 21 April 2022. 

Mixing Job Training with Nature-Based Therapy Shows Promise for Increasing Labor Market Affiliation among Newly Arrived Refugees: Results from a Danish Case Series Study​

Uldall SW, Poulsen DV, Christensen SI, Wilson L, Carlsson J. International Journal of Envionmental Research and Public Health. Published: 16 April 2022.

Psykoterapeutisk og psykofarmakologisk behandling af PTSD​

Carlsson J, Sandahl H. Ugeskrift for Læger. April 2022.

Evaluating the procedural validity of the multilingual computer assisted self interview (MultiCASI) in a refugee population

Vindbjerg E, Sonne C, Silove D, Bibby H, Hall J, Momartin S, Coello M, Aroche J, Petrie S, Kean KB, Carlsson J. Psychiatry Research. Available online 27 March 2022.

The Cultural Formulation Interview—Generating distance or alliance? A qualitative study of practice changes in Danish mental healthcare​

Lindberg LG, Carlsson J, Kristiansen M, Skammeritz S, Johansen KS. Transcultural Psychiaty. March 2022.


White matter diffusivity and its correlations to state measures of psychopathology in male refugees with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder​

Uldall SW, Lundell H, Baaré WFC, Siebner HR, Rostrup E, Carlsson J. NeuroImage: Clinical. Available online 28 December 2021, 102929. ​

Treatment adherence to psychotropic drugs among non-Western migrants: a systematic review

Sacha M, Sandahl H, Harck L, Carlsson J. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. Published online: 07 Aug 2021.

Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma-affected refugees — A follow-up study on a pragmatic randomised trial

Barhoma M, Sonne C, Lommen MJJ, Mortensen EL, Carlsson J. Journal of Affective Disorders. Available online 16 July 2021. 

Social zeitgebers and circadian dysrhythmia are associated with severity of symptoms of PTSD and depression in trauma-affected refugees

Sandahl H, Baandrup L, Vindbjerg E, Jennum P, Carlsson J. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. Published: 06 May 2021.

Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for trauma-affected refugees – A case series

Poschmann IS, Palic-Kapic S, Sandahl H, Beliner P, Carlsson J. International Journal of Dream Research. April 2021.

Investigating the link between subjective sleep quality, symptoms of PTSD and level of functioning in a sample of trauma-affected refugees

Sandahl H, Carlsson J, Sonne C, Mortensen EL, Jennum P, Baandrup L. SLEEP.  Published: 12 March 2021.

The Accuracy of Traumatic Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Review

Mattsson AM, Sonne C, Carlsson J. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: March 2021 - Volume 209 - Issue 3 - p 218-227.

Interpreter-mediated psychotherapy – a qualitative analysis of the interprofessional collaboration between psychologists and interpreters

Gryesten JR, Brodersen KJ, Lindberg LG, Carlsson J, Poulsen S. Current Psychology (2021). Published: 02 March 2021.

Imagery rehearsal therapy and/or mianserin in treatment of refugees diagnosed with PTSD: Results from a randomized controlled trial

Sandahl H, Jennum P, Baandrup L, Mortensen EL, Carlsson J. Journal of Sleep Research. First published: 02 February 2021.

A rasch-based validity study of the HSCL-25

Vindbjerg E, Mortensen EL, Makransky G, Nielsen T, Carlsson J. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports, Volume 4, April 2021, 100096. Available online 30 January 2021.


Predictors of treatment outcomes for trauma-affected refugees

Sonne C, Mortensen EL, Silove D, Palic S, Carlsson J. Journal of Affective Disorders. Volume 282, 1 March 2021, Pages 194-202. Available online 28 December 2020.

Negotiating Engagement, Worthiness of Care and Cultural Identities Through Intersubjective Recognition: Migrant Patient Perspectives on the Cultural Formulation Interview in Danish Mental Healthcare

Glahder LL, Johansen KS, Kristiansen M, Skammeritz S, Carlsson J. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry. Published 10 November 2020.

Therapeutic Nature Activities: A Step Toward the Labor Market for Traumatized Refugees

Poulsen DV, Pálsdóttir AM, Christensen SI, Wilson L, Uldall SW. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020 17(20). Published 16 October 2020.

Sex differences in trauma exposure and symptomatology in trauma-affected refugees

Mundy SS, Foss SLW, Poulsen S, Hjorthøj C, Carlsson J. Psychiatry Research, volume 293. Available online 16 September 2020.

A Rasch-based validity study of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire

Vindbjerg E, Carlsson J, Mortensen EL, Makransky G, Nielsen T. Journal of Affective Disorders, volume 277. Available online 1 September 2020.

Using the Cultural Formulation Interview in Denmark: Acceptability and clinical utility for medical doctors and migrant patients

Skammeritz S, Lindberg LG, Mortensen EL, Norredam M, Carlsson J. Transcultural Psychiatry 57(4) August 2020.

Comparing Western symptoms of depression with Arabic idioms of distress: A qualitative study

Uldall SW, Madsen KH, Sibner HR, Lanius R, Frewen P, Fischer E, Madsen CG, Leffers AM, Rostrup E, Carlsson J, Nejad AB. Chronic Stress (4) 2020. 

Trauma-affected refugees treated with basic body awareness therapy or mixed physical activity as augmentation to treatment as usual — A pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Nordbrandt MS, Sonne C, Mortensen EL, Carlsson J. PLoS ONE 15(3) March 2020.

Associations of neural processing of reward with posttraumatic stress disorder and secondary psychotic symptoms in trauma-affected refugees

Uldall SW, Nielsen MØ, Carlsson J, Glenthøj B, Siebner HR, Madsen KH, Madsen CG, Leffers AM, Nejad AB, Rostrup E. European Journal of Psychotraumatology 11(1) March 2020. 

Prevention of trauma‐related mental health problems among refugees: A mixed‐methods evaluation of the MindSpring group programme in Denmark

Husby SR, Carlsson J,  Jensen AMS, Lindberg LG, Sonne C. Journal of Community Psychology, February 2020.

Well-Being and Self-Disorders in Schizotypal Disorder and Asperger Syndrome/Autism Spectrum Disorder

Nilsson M, Handest P, Carlsson J, Nylander L, Pedersen L, Mortensen EL, Arnfred S. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 2020 Jan 20 [Epub ahead of print].


Risk of childhood psychiatric disorders in children of refugee parents with post-traumatic stress disorder: a nationwide, register-based, cohort study

Nielsen, MB; Carlsson, J; Rimvall, MK; Petersen, JH; Norredam, M. Lancet Public Health 2019; 4: e353–59. July 2019.

Arguments for a Phenomenologically Informed Clinical Approach to Autism Spectrum Disorder

Nilsson, M; Handest, P; Nylander, L; Pedersen, L; Carlsson, J; Arnfred, S. Psychopathology.  Published online: 6 June 2019. 

Satisfaction with mental health treatment among patients with a non-Western migrant background: a survey in a Danish specialized outpatient mental health clinic

Lindberg, LG; Mundy, SS; Kristiansen, M; Johansen, KS;  Carlsson, J. European Journal of Public Health, ckz090, Published: 01 June 2019.

Self-Disorders in Asperger Syndrome Compared to Schizotypal Disorder: A Clinical Study 

Nilsson, M; Arnfred, S; Carlsson, J; Nylander, L; Pedersen, L; Mortensen, EL; Handest, P.  Schizophrenia Bulletin, sbz036, May 2019.

Aetiology and treatment of nightmare disorder: State of the art and future perspectives

Gieselmann, A; Aoudia, MA; Carr, M; Germain, A; Gorzka, R; Holzinger, B; Kleim, B; Krakow, B; Kunze, AE; Lancee, J; Nadorff, MR; Nielsen, T; Riemann, D; Sandahl, H; Schlarb, AA; Schmid, C; Schredl, M; Spoormaker, VI; Steil, R; van Schagen, AM; Wittmann, L; Zschoche, M; Pietrowsky, R. Journal of Sleep Research, January 2019.

Interpreters in Transcultural Psychiatry 

Skammeritz, S; Sari, N; Jiménez-Solomon, O; Carlsson, J. Psychiatric Services, January 2019. 

Utility of group treatment for trauma‐affected refugees in specialised outpatient clinics in Denmark: A mixed methods study of practitioners’ experiences  

Brochmann, HD;  Calundan, JHN;  Carlsson, J;  Poulsen, S;  Sonne, C;  Palic, S. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, January 2019. 


Sander, R; Laugesen, H; Skammeritz, S; Mortensen, EL; Carlsson, J. Psychiatry Research 271 (2019) 684-692.

Satisfaction of trauma-affected refugees treated with antidepressants and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Buhmann, CB; Carlsson, J; Mortensen, EL. Vol 28 No 2 (2018): Torture Journal: Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture.

Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma-affected refugees—A pragmatic randomised study

Carlsson, J; Sonne, C; Vindbjerg, E; Mortensen, EL. Psychiatry Research. Volume 266, August 2018. Available online 24 May 2018.

Startle habituation, sensory, and sensorimotor gating in trauma-affected refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder

Meteran, H; Vindbjerg, E; Uldall, SW; Glenthøj, B. Psychological Medicine. Published online: 17 May 2018.

Cross-Cultural Psychometric Properties of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale

Vindbjerg, E; Makransky, G; Mortensen, EL; Carlsson, J. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2018 Jan 1:706743718772516. doi: 10.1177/0706743718772516. [Epub ahead of print].

Long-term treatment effect of trauma-affected refugees with flexible cognitive behavioural therapy and antidepressants

Buhmann, CB; Nordentoft, M; Ekstrøm, M; Carlsson, J; Mortensen, EL. Psychiatry Research. Available online 4 April 2018.

Replicability and Generalizability of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Networks: A Cross-Cultural Multisite Study of PTSD Symptoms in Four Trauma Patient Samples     

Fried, EI; Eidhof, MB; Palic, S; Costantini, G; Huisman-van Dijk, HM; Bockting, CLH; Engelhard, I; Armour, C; Nielsen, ABS; Karstoft, KI. Clinical Psychological Science. First Published January 5, 2018.

The Range and Impact of Postmigration Stressors During Treatment of Trauma-Affected Refugees

Bruhn, M; Rees, S; Mohsin, M; Silove, D; Carlsson, J. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: January 2018 - Volume 206 - Issue 1 - p 61–68.


Treatment of sleep disturbances in refugees suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder
Sandahl, H; Vindbjerg, E; Carlsson, J. Transcultural Psychiatry 54(5-6) 2017.

Trauma complexity and child abuse: A qualitative study of attachment narratives in adult refugees with PTSD

Riber, K. Transcultural Psychiatry 0(0) 1–30. November 2017.

Treatment of sleep disturbances in trauma-affected refugees: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Sandahl, H; Jennum, P; Baandrup, L; Poschmann, IS; Carlsson, J. Trials (2017) 18:520.

Effekt af brug af tolk i psykoterapi

Jensen, RS;  Nørregaard, TM; Carlsson, J. Ugeskr Læger 2017;179:V01170069. 

Secondary psychotic features in refugees diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder: a retrospective cohort study

Nygaard, N; Sonne, C; Carlsson, J. BMC Psychiatry (2017) 17: 5. DOI:10.1186/s12888-016-1166-1.


Pharmacological treatment of refugees with trauma-related disorders: What do we know today?

​Sonne, CK; Carlsson, J; Bech, P; Mortensen, EL. Transcultural Psychiatry. December 2016 [Epub ahead of print]. DOI:10.1177/1363461516682180.

Somatic comorbidity among migrants with posttraumatic stress disorder and depression –a prospective cohort study

Lolk, M; Byberg, S; Carlsson, J; Norredam, M. BMC Psychiatry (2016) 16:447. DOI:10.1186/s12888-016-1149-2.

Evidence of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) across populations with prolongedtrauma of varying interpersonal intensity and ages of exposure

Palic, S; Zerach, G; Shevlin, M; Zeligman, Z; Elklit A; Solomon Z. Psychiatry Research (Available online 4 November 2016). DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2016.10.062.

Treatment of trauma-affected refugees with venlafaxine versus sertraline combined with psychotherapy - a randomised study

Sonne, C; Carlsson, J; Bech, P; Elklit, A; Mortensen, EL. BMC Psychiatry (2016) 16:383. DOI:10.1186/s12888-016-1081-5.

Integrating mental health in primary healthcare in low-income countries: changing the future for people with mental disorders

Sørensen, CW; Bæk, O; Kallestrup, P; Carlsson, J. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. Published online: 24 Oct 2016. DOI:10.1080/08039488.2016.1245784.

Klinisk præsentation og behandling af medicinoverforbrugshovedpine

Carlsen, LN; Westergaard, ML; Munksgaard, SB; Bendtsen, L; & Jensen, RH. Ugeskr Læger 2016;178:V06160387

The latent structure of post-traumatic stress disorder among Arabic-speaking refugees receiving psychiatric treatment in Denmark

Vindbjerg, E; Carlsson, J; Mortensen, EL; Elklit, A; Makransky, G. BMC Psychiatry (2016) 16:309. DOI:10.1186/s12888-016-0936-0.

Psychiatric Disorders and Predictors Hereof Among Refugee Children in Early Adulthood: A Register-Based Cohort Study

Barghadouch, A; Carlsson, J; Norredam, M. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2016 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print] DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000576

Childhood pegboard task predicts adult-onset psychosis-spectrum disorder among a genetic high-risk sample.

Rakhshan, P; Sørensen, H; DeVylder, J; Mittal, V; Mortensen, EL; Michelsen, NM; Ekstrøm, M; Pitts, SC; Mednick, SA; Schiffman, J. Schizophr Res. 2016 Sep 9. pii: S0920-9964(16)30367-X. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2016.08.017. [Epub ahead of print].

Jinn-besættelse som forklaring på psykisk sygdom har betydning for behandlingssøgende adfærd

Shah, A; Carlsson, J. Ugeskr Læger 2016;178:V03160194

Psychosocial Predictors of Treatment Outcome for Traumaaffected Refugees
Sonne, C; Carlsson, J; Bech, P; Vindbjerg, E; Mortensen, EL; Elklit, A. European Journal of Psycho-Traumatology, Vol 7 (2016). DOI:10.3402/ejpt.v7.30907.

Attachment organization in Arabic-speakingrefugees with post traumatic stress disorder
Riber, K. Attachment & Human Development, 2016. Vol. 18,  No. 2, 154–175. DOI:10.1080/14616734.2015.1124442.

Basic Body Awareness Therapy for traumatised refugees Refugee experiences of individual Basic Body Awareness Therapy and the level of transference into daily life. An interview study

Madsen, TS; Carlsson, J; Nordbrandt, M; Jensen, JA. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages 243–251, DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.10.007.

Neurofeedback Treatment and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Effectiveness of Neurofeedback on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and the Optimal Choice of Protocol

Reiter, K; Andersen, SB; Carlsson, J. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 2016 Feb;204(2):69-77. DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000418.



Childhooddyspraxia predicts adult-onset nonaffective-psychosis-spectrum disorder

Schiffman, J; Mittal, V; Kline, E; Mortensen, EL; Michelsen, N; Ekstrøm, M; Millman, ZB; Mednick, SA; Sørensen, HJ. Dev Psychopathol. 2015 Nov;27(4 Pt 1):1323-30. doi: 10.1017/S0954579414001436.

The effect of flexible cognitive-behavioural therapy and medical treatment, including antidepressants on post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in traumatised refugees: pragmatic randomised controlled clinical trial

Buhmann, C; Nordentoft, M; Ekstrøm, M; Carlsson, J; Mortensen, EL. The British Journal of Psychiatry Nov 2015, DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.150961.

Treatment of traumatised refugees with basic body awareness therapy versus mixed physical activity as add-on treatment: Study protocol of a randomised controlled trial

Nordbandt, M; Carlsson, J; Lindberg, L; Sandahl, H; Mortensen, EL. Trials 16, 2015.

Der er store barrierer for psykiatrisk behandling i lavindkomstlande

Sørensen, CW; Bæk, O; Carlsson, J; Kallestrup, P. Ugeskrift for Læger 177, 2015.

Follow-up study of the treatment outcomes at a psychiatric trauma clinic for refugees

Buhmann, C; Mortensen, EL; Nordentoft, M; Ryberg, J; Ekstrøm, M. TORTURE Journal 25(1), 2015.

Cognitive behavioral psychotherapeutic treatment at a psychiatric trauma clinic for Refugees: description and evaluation

Buhmann, C; Andersen, I; Mortensen, EL; Nordentoft, M; Ryberg, J; Ekstrøm, M. TORTURE Journal 25(1), 2015.

"After all the traumas my body has been through, I feel good that it is still working." – Basic Body Awareness Therapy for traumatised refugees

Stade, K; Skammeritz, S; Hjortkjær, C; Carlsson, J. TORTURE Journal 25(1), 2015.



Der er sammenhæng mellem posttraumatisk belastningsreaktion og irritabel tyktarm

Wernersson, R; Carlsson, J. Ugeskrift for Læger 176, 2014.

Comparison of psychiatric disability on the health of nation outcome scales (HoNOS) in resettled traumatized refugee outpatients and Danish inpatients

Palic, S; Kappel, ML; Nielsen, MS; Carlsson, J; Bech, P. BMC Psychiatry 14, 2014.

Assessment of dissociation in Bosnian treatment-seeking refugees in Denmark

Palic, S; Carlsson, J; Armour, C; Elklit, A. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 69(4), 2014.

From pioneers to scientists: challenges in establishing evidence-gathering models in torture and trauma mental health services for refugees

Carlsson, J; Sonne, C; Silove, D. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 202(9), 2014.

Symptoms, Quality of Life and level of functioning of traumatized refugees at Psychiatric Trauma Clinic in Copenhagen

Buhmann, C; Mortensen, EL; Lundstrøm, S; Ryberg, J; Nordentoft, M; Ekstrøm, M. TORTURE Journal 24(1), 2014.

Psychotherapy with traumatised refugees – the design of a randomised clinical trial

Vindbjerg, E; Klimpke, C; Carlsson, J. TORTURE Journal 24(1), 2014.​

EPA Guidance mental health care of migrants

Bhugra, D; Gupta, S; Schouler-Ocak, M; Graeff-Calliess, I; Deakin, NA; Qureshi, A; Dales, J; Moussaoui, D; Kastrup, M; Tarricone, I; Till, A ; Bassi, M; Carta, M. European Psychiatry 29(2), 2014.



Premorbid teacher-rated social functioning predicts adult schizophrenia-spectrum disorder: a high-risk prospective investigation

Tsuji, T; Kline, E; Sorensen, HJ; Mortensen, EL; Michelsen, NM; Ekstrøm, M; Mednick, S; Schiffman, J. Schizophrenia Research 151(1–3), 2013.

Current resesarch in transcultural psychiatry in the Nordic countries

Ekblad, S; Kastrup, M. Transcultural psychiatry 50(6), 2013.

Manualised psychotherapy in a transcultural refugee setting

Sonne, C; Vindbjerg, E. Psychotherapy in Australia 19(3), 2013.

Treatment of traumatized refugees with Sertraline versus Venlafaxine in combination with psychotherapy – study protocol for a randomized clinical trial

Kærgaard, CS; Carlsson, J; Elklit, A; Mortensen, EL; Ekstrøm, M. Trials 14(137), 2013.



PhD theses


Improving Multicultural Patient-Provider Encounters in Danish Mental Healthcare. A Multiple Methods Study on Migrant Patient Satisfaction and the Use of the Cultural Formulation Interview​

Lindberg LG, MSc. This thesis was submitted to the Graduate School of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen on 19 May 2021. Defence: October 2021.

Sleep and PTSD in trauma-affected refugees. Sleep disturbances as a potential target to enhance treatment outcome​

Sandahl H, MD. This thesis was submitted to the Graduate School of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen 5. January 2021. Defence: April 2021.


Treatment for trauma-affected refugees A randomised controlled trial of physical activity as add-on to treatment as usual

Nordbrandt MS, MD. Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry, Mental Health Centre Ballerup, the Capital Region of Denmark and the University of Copenhagen. This thesis was submitted to the Graduate School of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen on: 2 April 2019. Defence: June 2020.


Functional and Structural Imaging in Trauma-Affected Refugees with PTSD​

Uldall SW, MD. This thesis was submitted to the Graduate School at the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen on April 29, 2019. Defence: October 2019. ​

Cultural psychiatry: Exploring the assessment and diagnoses of migrants in Denmark

Skammeritz SL, MD. Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry, Mental Health Centre Ballerup, the Capital Region of Denmark. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. April 2019. 


Measuring PTSD, depression and anxiety across cultures​

Vindbjerg E, MSc. PhD Thesis. The Graduate School of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark. Defence: February 2019.​


Trauma-affected refugees: Pharmacological treatment and psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome
Sonne C. Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry and University of Southern Denmark, 2016.


Attachment, Complex Trauma, and Psycho-therapy: A Clinical study of the Significance of Attachment in Adult Arabic-speaking refugees

Riber, K. PhD thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2015.




Traumatized refugees: morbidity, treatment and predictors of outcome
Buhmann, C. Danish Medical Journal 61(8), 2014. PhD thesis, Faculty of Health and Medical Science, University of Copenhagen, 2014.



Book chapters and reports


Recovery efter krig

Carlsson J. I: Recovery - at komme sig over psykisk lidelse, Stine Bjerrum Møller og Stephen Austin (red.) Hans Reitzels Forlag 2023. 


Separate services or integrated services 

Carlsson J and Kastrup MC. In: Oxford Textbook of Migrant Psychiatry, Bhugra D (ed.) Oxford University Press 2021.


Measuring the Outcomes of Intercultural PsychotherapyMeasuring the Outcomes of Intercultural Psychotherapy

Measuring the Outcomes of Intercultural Psychotherapy

Carlsson, J; Palic, S; Vindbjerg, E. In: Intercultural Psychotherapy For Immigrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers and Ethnic Minority Patients. Schouler-Ocak, M; Kastrup, MC (eds.) Springer 2019.

Muhabet Inspirationskatalog - 'Familieaktiviteter: en særlig indsats for at forbedre relationerne mellem traumatiserede flygtninge- og indvandremænd og deres børn'

Laugesen, H; Lindberg, LG; Carlsson, J.  Kompetencecenter for Transkulturel Psykiatri, marts 2019. 

Slutevaluering af projektet 'Familieaktiviteter: en særlig indsats for at forbedre relationerne mellem traumatiserede flygtninge- og indvandremænd og deres børn'

Laugesen, H; Lindberg, LG; Carlsson, J.  Kompetencecenter for Transkulturel Psykiatri, february 2019. 


Mental Health, Pre-migratory Trauma and Post-migratory Stressors Among Adult Refugees

Carlsson, J; Sonne, C. In: Mental Health of Refugee and Conflict-Affected Populations - Theory, Research and Clinical Practice (eds: Nexhmedin, M; Nickerson, A)Mental Health of Refugee and Conflict-Affected Populations - Theory, Research and Clinical Practice. Nexhmedin, M; Nickerson, A (eds.) Springer 2018.

Farmakologisk behandling af PTSD

Andre behandlingsmetoder til PTSD

Carlsson, J; Nordbrandt, M; Sonne, C; Ulldal, S; Buhmann, C. I: Psykoterapeutiske tilgange til PTSD - Symptomer, undersøgelse og behandling. Buhmann, C; Arendt, M; Rosenberg, N (red.)  Hans Reitzels Forlag 2018.


A Therapy Model for Traumatized Refugees in Denmark

Kastrup, M; Dymi, K. In: Trauma and Migration. Cultural Factors in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Traumatized ImmigrantsSchouler-Ocak, Meryam (ed.). Chapter 16, pp. 243-257. Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.



Abuse and trafficking among female migrants and refugees

Kastrup, M. In: Violence against Women and Mental Health. García-Moreno C, Riecher-Rössler A (eds). Key Issues Ment Health. Basel, Karger, 2013, vol 178, pp. 118–128.


Gender Issues Related to Medical Leadership with Particular Reference to Psychiatry

Kastrup, M; Dymi, K. In: Leadership in Psychiatry. Bhugra, Dinesh; Ruiz, Pedro; Gupta, Susham (eds.) John Wiley & Sons Ltd. UK 2013.



Non-scientific articles


Ændringer af hjernens hvide substans hos traumatiserede flygtninge med PTSD​​

Uldall SW. Best​Practice Nordic. Oktober 2022. ​


Forskning i transkulturel psykiatri styrket

Andersen B. Medicinsk Tidsskrift, 26. august 2020.

Andersen B. Medicinsk Tidsskrift, 26. august 2020.


Book review: Textbook of cultural psychiatry

Schmidt, T. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. First Published September 21, 2018.

Regeringens tolkegebyr er umenneskeligt

Schmidt, T; Ekstrøm, M. Information, 9. august 2018.



Panah, M. The Nordic Psychiatrist, Issue 2, December 2017, p 9-10.

Trauma and Mental Health in Forcibly Displaced Populations

Nickerson et al. International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies Briefing Paper. November 2017.


Behandling af traumatiserede flygtninge – evidensog anbefalinger

Sonne, CK; Skammeritz, S. BestPractice, maj 2016, s. 22-25.


Reponse to Comment by Dr Uwe Harlacher and Prof Peter Polatin

Buhmann, CB; Nordentoft, M; Ekstroem, M; Carlsson, J; Mortensen EL. TORTURE, Volume 26, Number 1, 2016.


Hvad er agendaen? Den sundhedsfaglige forsker i politiske krydsfelter

Carlsson, J . Videnskab.dk, 12. september 2014.


Alis fortællinger i det psykiatriske rum
Østerskov, M. Psykiatrisk sygepleje 21, 2013.

Frihedsberøvede asylansøgere i Ellebæk: Traumatiseringsgrad og helbredstilstand blandt frihedsberøvede asylansøgere i Institutionen Ellebæk 
Naver, AV; Ehrenreich, B; Mc Mahon, B; Kjær, C; Worm, L; Nikolajsen, M; Ekstrøm, M; Boel, NM; Søndergaard, SB; Klebak, S; Westh, I. Rapport udarbejdet af Amnesty Internationals Danske Lægegruppe, Amnesty International 2013.

Funktionelle lidelser hos patienter med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk 
Kastrup, M; Dyhr, L; Mirdal; Gretty M. I: Funktionelle lidelser (Klinisk vejledning for almen praksis). Rosendal, Marianne (red); Christensen, Kaj Sparle (red); Agersnap, Lene (red); Fink, Per (red); Nielsen, Claus Vinther (red). Dansk Selskab for Almen Medicin 2013.

Nyt center skal forbedre behandlingen af traumatiserede flygtninge
Sonne, CS. Videnskab.dk, 31. juli 2013.

RCTs betydning set i en dansk kontekst 
Kastrup, M. I: 30 års arbejde for en verden uden tortur: jubilæumsskrift 1982-2012. DIGNITY 2013.


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